Chronic hypoxia complicates many pregnancies and can result in postnatal
pathologies that include compromised fetal cardiovascular structure and function.
Mechanisms involved remain unclear. Because hypoxia increases production of VEGF,
Anatomical differences were observed between sexes of P. samuelis. We
measured the major cheliped and carapace lengths of hermit crabs caught off the coast of
Southern California and found that male chelipeds were significantly larger relative...